Those who suffer from myopia, also known as nearsightedness, have difficulty seeing objects far away but can see things close up clearly. This problem may lead to severe issues as you won’t be able to read road signs from a distance. Most people suffer from myopia at some point in their lives, as it has a lot to do with age. There are several ways of correcting this eye focus disorder, including eyeglasses, contact lenses and surgery.
When someone has myopia, light cannot focus on the right spot on the retina due to the shape of the eye. Distanced objects appear blurry because the light is focused in front of the retina. Moreover, myopia can lead to the eyeballs becoming longer over time, resulting in an increasingly bad prescription. If you or your child exhibit any myopia symptoms, visit an optometrist for testing and treatment options.
Diagnosis of Myopia
There is a fairly high chance that you have myopia because either one or both of your parents do as well. Myopia is thought to result from a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. According to eye experts and studies, there is still no clear cause for this condition. Your lifestyle can produce just the right conditions for developing myopia if you inherit the ability to be myopic. When working on computers or reading close-up, you might develop myopia.
Childhood is the most common time for myopia to appear. It usually improves with age, but it can also become more severe. Light entering your eyes is not focused correctly, resulting in unclear images. A misdirected spotlight might be a suitable analogy. Spotlights can blur the image of an object if they are directed at the wrong point in the distance.
The majority of cases of myopia are mild and can be controlled with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. It is possible, however, for more severe disorders to develop in rare instances.
Inheritable nearsightedness with a high degree is known as high myopia. It occurs when your child has a steep cornea or their eyeballs grow longer than they should. The condition can progress to a more severe state. By the age of 20 or 30, high myopia usually stops getting worse. If the condition is severe, it may be treated with eyeglasses or contact lenses, and in some cases, with refractive surgery.
Children and adults can correct myopia with glasses or contact lenses. Myopia can also be corrected through refractive surgery in adults. Myopia is characterized by a negative prescription, such as -3.000. Your lenses will be stronger if the number is higher. As a result of the prescription, your distance vision is sharpened because the light is focused on the retina.
Other treatments include vision therapy, intraocular lens implant, phakic intraocular lenses, laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy procedure, laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis procedure, and ortho-k or CRT. If you need to learn more about Myopia, its diagnosis, symptoms, and treatment, an optometrist in Surrey can help you.